periodontal disease

periodontal disease

Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection of the tissues that hold your teeth in place. It’s typically caused by a combination of increased plaque—a sticky film of bacteria—on the teeth and an out-of-proportion patient immune response. In advanced stages, periodontal disease can lead to sore, bleeding gums, painful chewing problems, bad breath and even tooth loss.

Factors increasing susceptibility to periodontal/gum disease

There are certain factors that may make some people more susceptible to developing periodontitis. These include but are not limited to:

  • Genetics / Family history of gum disease
  • Smoking (current or history of smoking)
  • Diabetes
  • Stress
  • Plaque bacteria/poor oral hygiene
  • Vitamin D level
  • Irregular attendance to dentist/hygienist

Periodontal treatment usually involves a phase of conservative treatment, which for the most part may be sufficient. Conservative treatment, also known as debridement or deep cleaning, involves the use of special ultrasonic instruments to remove bacterial biofilm and infected gum tissues that accumulate over time on the root surfaces of teeth and in periodontal pockets causing ill-health. This treatment is carried out under local anaesthetic (numbing!) to ensure that you are comfortable throughout the procedure. Depending on the number of areas affected, the treatment may be carried out over one or several visits by your specialist. In addition, antibiotics or antiseptics may form part of this treatment. Furthermore, we understand that no mouth is the same and so, we provide a tailored comprehensive instruction in oral hygiene techniques that is customized for you to ensure that you maintain your gum health for the long run.

The response to conservative periodontal treatment is generally assessed 2 months after completing your treatment sessions. Depending on your response to initial treatment, your periodontal health is likely to stabilise but, on occasion, you may require further care in some key areas. Further care can involve surgical treatment which improves access to these inflamed and infected gum areas as well as potentially rebuilding the gum and bone around teeth. Rest assured though; we will do everything we possibly can to ensure that you can reach your treatment goals with the least invasive option possible.

Talk to us today about periodontal disease and your individualized treatment plan

Contact us today for your consultation appointment